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歴史学の名著30 

何よりもまず読んでみたいのは、フェルナン・ブローデルの『地中海』。
が、巻数が…お値段が…ダイジェスト版を刊行してくれると嬉しいんですけどね…。
大きい書店巡るたびに、指を咥えて暫く眺めてしまいます(笑)。

比較的入手が楽そうなのは、ブルクハルトとホイジンガみたいですね。
中公は岩波についで、名著の揃いが良いですなあ。

<作品データ>
・山内昌之『歴史学の名著30』(ちくま新書654)2007.4
歴史学の名著30 (ちくま新書 654)歴史学の名著30 (ちくま新書 654)
(2007/04)
山内 昌之

商品詳細を見る


↓はいつもの備忘メモ、和書は殆ど割愛。


□歴史=時間+空間+事件byトルストイ←歴史家・歴史書に手厳しい
・横山紘一編『現代歴史学の名著』(中公新書)

<選定のポイント>
・史料重視
・歴史上の人物>歴史家
cf.ヴィーコ、ウォーラーステイン『近代世界システム』、エドワード・サイード『オリエンタリズム』
 ⇒歴史モデル・枠組中心

□司馬遷『史記』~「世界史」
 ・儒学by四書五経…経学>史学
 ・「天道、是邪非邪」(天道への懐疑)⇒批判的に歴史を叙述
 ・応報思想
 ・時運
 ・紀伝体
 ・天人相関説

□班固『漢書』~「一国史」(断代史)
 ・官撰の歴史⇒鑑戒の書
 ・一大伽藍

□ギボン『ローマ帝国衰亡史』⇒栄枯盛衰・諸行無常
 ・禁欲性のオーラ
 ・歴史に対するペシミズム
 ・生への静的姿勢

□ブルクハルト『イタリア・ルネサンスの文化』~文化史
 ・「一般人」の教養を涵養
 ・「普遍的な人間」l'uomo universale~人文主義者
 ・倫理的価値@「人格の完成」、「婦人の地位」、「身分の平等化」
 <樺山紘一による分析~「ブルクハルトの遠近法」>
 ①美術・芸術⇒人間たちの精神のあり方を考察
 ②伊への執着(北→南への憧憬)
 ③古代文化実存を感得
 
□ホイジンガ『中世の秋』⇔ブルクハルト
 ①世界の外に通じる俗世放棄の道
 ②世界そのものの改良と完成を目ざす道
 ③夢を見る⇒騎士道思想

□ブローデル『地中海』→ヨーロッパ統合の一象徴
 ・ほとんど文学
 ・アナール派~データ主義
 )「環境の役割」~長期的
 )「集団の運命と全体の動き」(人間集団の歴史・景況分析)~中期的
 )「出来事、政治、人間」(事件史)~西VS.オスマン帝国(16c)
 ・レパント海戦(1571)

□ランケ『世界史の流れ』
 ・歴史主義
 ・進歩史観@各時代の連続関係の内的な必然性を考察
 ・ナショナリズム⇒君主論(cf.マキャヴェリ)

□劉知幾『史通』
 ・歴史理論・方法論の名著
  cf.マルク・ブロック『歴史のための弁明』、E.H.カー『歴史とは何か』
 ・経学@太陽>史学@星
 ・史料批判
 ・修史学
 ・合理性
 ・エスプリ

□イブン・ハルドゥーン『歴史序説』
 ・人間社会@「田舎」VS.「都会」
  「田舎」→アサビーヤ(連帯)→歴史を動かす動因
 ・史料批判
 ・歴史学@経世済民の学(cf.司馬遷)

□トインビー『歴史の研究』⇒ウォーラーステイン、エドワード・サイードへ
 ・人間の自由の獲得と救済者たる神の地位を強調
 ・プロテスタント的教養~「邁進」、「挑戦」、「応戦」
 )「内的プロレタリアート」@キリスト教徒
 )「外的プロレタリアート」@「蛮族」(「異邦人」、「異族人」)
 ・「世界国家」~ローマ帝国、中華帝国、アケメネス朝ペルシア、徳川国家
  ⇒道義的・心理的に文明世界を代表する存在だと自負
 ・「世界教会」~キリスト教、イスラム教
  ⇒全人類を統一する使命を帯びていると自覚
 ・文明相対主義⇔オリエンタリズム

□カエサル『ガリア戦記』
 ・「覚書」~将軍の戦争日誌、公職者の職務日誌、会議の議事録、事務の書き付け、個人の備忘録
 ・「人の心は目に見えるものより目に見えないものによって、いっそう烈しくかき乱される。」(p189)

□チャーチル『第二次世界大戦』
 ・鉄のカーテン…バルト海シュテッティン~アドリア海トリエステ
  1946.3 ミズーリ州フルトン
 ・宥和政策byネヴィル・チェンバレンへの皮肉(春秋の筆法、「微文刺譏」、「内懐隠切」)
 ・栗田建男中将の謎の反転byレイテ湾突入作戦

□石原莞爾『最終戦争論』
 ・「陽性の戦争」@決戦戦争
 ・「陰性の戦争」@持久戦争

□フーコー『監獄の誕生』
 ・パノプティコン(一望監視施設)←ジェレミー・ベンサムの構想
 ・「服従する主体」
 ・近代社会@「監視社会」、「規律(ディスシプリン)の支配する社会」
 cf.ベッカリーア『犯罪と刑罰』(罪刑法定法)、保科正之
 ・歴史学の「毒」or「劇薬」
[ 2007/05/12 22:07 ] non-fiction | TB(61) | CM(0)
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