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動物化するポストモダン 

立て続けにノンフィクションで失礼します。
実は、先日の『タテ社会の人間関係』より前に読み終えていたのですが、
メモに手間取って後出しになってしまいました。
ちなみにこちらも再読本、今年は再読に力入れようかなと思っております。

その昔この作品を読ませていただいた時は、かなりこの解説に感銘を受けたのですが、
今回の再読では、それほど心を動かされませんでした…。
ちょっと前の研究書なので、現状のオタク文化とはやっぱり少し距離を感じます。
気になるのは、この作品に限らずオタク関連の研究書は男女を過剰に区別している点、
この性差の問題を、差異と同質性から切り込む研究書が目下の所とても読みたいです。

東さんは、女性向けの現状をほぼ中島梓さんの文章に頼っているみたいで、
女性向けオタク社会の現状に関しては、かなりユートピア的な見方に支配されています。
私は男性向けはともかくとして、女性向けの現状の方がある意味動物的だと思います。
というか、女性向けという表現も良くないですね(現実的に男性読者もいる訳でして)。
やおいやBLジャンルが、他のジャンルと極端に異なっている側面があるとしたら、
それはむしろ、セクシュアリティーという単語では還元できない要素にあると私は思います。
先日の『文化と両義性』で語られていた、言語化(概念化)しづらい負の側面の問題にこそ、
私は一BL読者として、このジャンルの魅力と特徴を強く感じるのですね。

とはいえ、動物化モデル、データベース消費といったオタク社会の現状分析は、
システィマティックな思考回路を提供してくれているので、大変分かり易い作品でした。

<作品データ>
東浩紀動物化するポストモダン』(講談社現代新書1575)2001.11
動物化するポストモダン―オタクから見た日本社会 動物化するポストモダン―オタクから見た日本社会
東 浩紀 (2001/11)
講談社
この商品の詳細を見る

↑また装丁が…

↓はいつもの備忘メモ(やや混乱気味)



■オタク文化の構造≒「ポストモダン
 ・目的~機能不全の修復→批評空間の確立
 ・歴史を横にみる
 ・エンターテインメント小説の現状
 ・性差の問題(←本作品では殆ど無視)

□二次創作の存在意義~サブカルチャーの国産化
 ・大塚英志『物語消費論』~「世界」、「趣向
  cf.歌舞伎、人形浄瑠璃
 ・岡田斗司夫『オタク学入門』~「
 ・村上隆~「奇想
 ・ハイブリッドな想像力
 ・ジャン・ボードリヤール~「シミュラークル」(先行物語の模倣引用で世界を作る)
 ・ヴァルター・ベンヤミン~「アウラ」(オリジナル意識)は複製技術で無効化
 ・浅田彰『構造と力』~ポストモダニズム(≒ニューアカデミズム≒ナルシシズム)のバイブル
  ⇒近代の超克、cf.ポストモダン

□アレクサンドル・コジェーヴ
 )動物化したアメリカ型社会
 )スノビズムに覆われた日本型社会
 ・ヘーゲル哲学=歴史(自己意識と「他者」のソレとの闘争過程)
 ・人間~欲望(desire)…欠乏が満たされても消えない渇望
  ⇒他者の欲望を欲望する多層的、間主体的な構造
 ・動物~欲求(besoin)…欠乏の充足で満足できる渇望
  ⇒萌え要素と消費者の嗜好の相性が全て(効率的な消費)
  ⇒データベース的動物
  ⇒過視的(過剰に可視的)→無制限な横滑りの運動

□虚構重視~効率的
 ・中島梓『コミュニケーション不全症候群』
  →やおい…人間的、セクシュアリティの問題
  *私個人は↑の意見に懐疑的です
 ・ジャン=フランソワ・リオタール~「大きな物語の凋落」

システムを消費⇒「オタク遺伝子
 ・物語消費→データベース(解析)消費
 ・キャラクター~萌え(虚構的な欲望)要素の記号をサンプリング
 ・根拠の無い記号の浮遊
 ・「ハイパーリアリティ」(ボードリヤール)
  ⇒記号の組み合わせでしか個性=オリジナリティを意識できない(フェイク)
 ・形式を内容から切断⇒傍観者としての自己の確認
  ⇒実質と形式のねじれた関係⇒「苦肉の策」(by大澤真幸)
 ・「シニシズム」(スラヴォイ・ジジェク)~転倒(強制的なメカニズム)
  cf.「スノビズム」(コジェーヴ)
[ 2007/01/13 11:12 ] non-fiction | TB(58) | CM(0)
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[2007/03/24 00:58] la aqua vita
今夜はとりたてて、「距離のある者」達を焦点に考えてみる。 BLを欲望するのは女性と限らないし、百合も女性が欲望することも当然ある。けれど、今日はそこをあえて言及せず、BL等のカルチャーに向かう、「距離のある者」を特集。 まずはブログのトラバ。 http://joeke
*profile

tatsuki

Author:tatsuki
気になる方は、こちらをどうぞ。
アサッテなBLが好きです♪
アンケート回答募集中!!

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