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タテ社会の人間関係 

先日立ち寄った某大型古書チェーン店にて、この新書を100円コーナーにて10冊程発見。
私が10年近く前に購入した同書で第96刷…一体累計で何部発行されているのやら…。
ちなみに私の場合、この本は大学時代に所属していた某ゼミのテキストの1冊でした。
つまり再読本なんです、何だかんだで一度はゼミ論で仕上げたタイトルだった為か、
メモを取るのが殊のほか楽でした。
(実際にゼミ論で何をテーマに書いたのかはさっぱり思い出せないんですけどね…)

さて本作品、学術系新書の中ではかなり珍しいロングセラー本でございます。
大変古い作品なので、現在も大学や企業のテキストとして利用されているのか微妙ですが、
一時期はかなり多方面な場所にて参照された、日本型社会論の名著と言われております。
昔読んだ(厳密には読まされた)時には、中根さんの堅い文章に苦手意識を感じたモノですが、
今回の再読では、不思議と全くこの独特の文章が気になりませんでした。
私の読書スキルが上がったのかもしれません、というかむしろ読みやすい文章ですヨ。

さて「タテ」社会年功序列終身雇用という日本的社会の雇用システムは崩壊して久しく、
この概念は一見廃れたかのように見受けられますが、日本社会は本質的に当時のままかと。
むしろ、この「タテ」社会環境に無理やり強引に能力主義を導入してしまったが為に現在、
下流社会の急増といった、当時の状況よりもある意味シビアでグロテスクな局面が、
浮上ないし現出してきているように私は思うのですが、皆様はいかがでしょうか。
そもそも一億総中流社会が全体で上昇志向を貫こうとしたら、当然無理が出て来る訳でして…。
その当然の帰結ともいえるが現状、急速に表に出てきている予感がするのです。

とはいえ、私は社会学にも経済学にも疎い人間ですので、あくまで↑は個人的雑感です。
あまり真に受けずに、斜めに軽く受け流して頂けると助かります(笑)。

拙いながらも、ブログで書籍の感想を少しずつ書くようになったためなのでしょうが、
日本型社会の批評の難しさに関する叙述に、個人的に一番感銘を受けました。
私も決して非難ではなく批評を心がけているつもりではあるのですが、
情緒に流されないクリアな視点というモノを維持するのは、なかなか難しいです。
日々精進していきたいとは思っておりますので、長い目でお付き合い下さいませ。

<作品データ>
中根千枝タテ社会の人間関係』(講談社現代新書)1967.2
タテ社会の人間関係―単一社会の理論 タテ社会の人間関係―単一社会の理論
中根 千枝 (1967/02/16)
講談社
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↑またも私の所有本と装丁が違う…







■「社会構造」(social structure)~一定の社会に内在する基本原理
 ・外部からは見えにくい
 ・変わりにくい
 ・論理的一貫性(logical consisensy)を保持
 ⇒informal structure
  cf.社会組織(social organization)

□タテ社会(日本型)…場、枠、同質性を内包した排他性、一体感、感情的、ゲマインシャフト、安定、公私混同、閉鎖的、直接接触的(タンジブル)、地域主義的(localism)、縦断的(バーティカル)、素朴(プリミティブ)、道徳的相対主義、人間平等主義(無差別悪平等)、
□ヨコ社会(欧米型)…資格、理性的、規則性(ルール)、能力主義、ネットワーク(時空超越)、ゲゼルシャフト、開放的、横断的(ホリゾンタル)、宗教的絶対主義

∴日本型社会では「評」の確立が困難
 ・対話の欠如
  →対話=論理のゲーム⇔おしゃべり=論理の無い世界
 ・パースペクティブの欠如
 ⇒criticismではなくcensure(非難)に陥り易い
[ 2007/01/12 22:08 ] non-fiction | TB(61) | CM(0)
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